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ANALYSIS
Analysis of external fundraising through industry–university collaboration sites

1. Purpose of “visualization”

In the “Guidelines for Enhancing Industry–University Collaboration Activities”(dated November 30th, 2016; hereafter referred to as “Guidelines”), the importance of obtaining personnel costs and the necessary indirect costs was pointed out to achieve full-scale collaborative research. The Survey of industry–university collaboration activity management was conducted to understand how industry–university collaboration sites developed at university campuses, and obtained external funds from private enterprises (FY 2018 results), as a reference for policy-making.

Guidelines for Enhancing Industry–University Collaboration Activities (summary)

産学官連携による共同研究強化のためのガイドライン

Three years after the enactment of the Guidelines, each site was surveyed on the achievement of genuine large-scale joint research indicated therein, as well as on the importance of covering personnel and indirect costs based on optimal cost allocation.

2. “Visualization” method

2.1. Survey summary

2.1.1. Survey procedure

This survey was conducted according to the following procedures.

実施内容

Chart 1 Details of Iimplementation details

2.1.2. Survey subjects

The survey subjects were sites developed under site development projects funded by MEXT and METI, which were led by universities and national research and development institutions, such that both facilities and equipment, or only facilities, were developed. Specifically, the following 52 of 69 sites were developed under these projects (amounts are in project unit budgets).

  • ♦MEXT, “International scientific innovation site development project based on industry–university collaboration utilizing local resources” (FY 2012, 50 billion JPY): 15 sites (including 13 survey sites)
  • ♦MEXT, “Evidence of local science and technology site development project” (FY 2016, 15 billion JPY): 22 sites (including 16 survey sites)
  • ♦METI, “Industrial science and technology research and development facility improvement subsidies (advanced innovation site development project)” (FY 2008–2009, 17.6 billion JPY): 19 sites (including 13 survey sites)
  • ♦METI, “Innovation site location support project (technology bridging site improvement project)” (FY 2010, 12 billion JPY): 11 sites (including 8 survey sites)
  • ♦METI, “Tohoku Region new industry–university collaboration framework building project” (FY 2011, 1. 5 billion JPY): 1 site (including 1 survey site)
  • ♦METI, “Fukushima advance ICT experimental research site development project” (FY 2013, 800 billion JPY): 1 site (including 1 survey site)

Sites that were actual survey subjects are as follows.

調査対象の拠点一覧

Chart 2 List of surveyed sites

2.2. Questionnaire on survey implementation

2.2.1. Survey item review and questionnaire drafting

The purpose of this survey was “to ascertain and analyze the features of external fundraising from private enterprises (FY 2018 results), and ascertain the specific efforts of notable sites.” Survey items were reviewed such that the survey could summarize all sites and ascertain basic information on their external fundraising status and methods in a consistent way.

Refer to the following for the actual questionnaires used.

Survey and questionnaires used of by the Cabinet Office, “Survey of industry-academia collaboration activity management.,” site development projects

2.2.2. Survey implementation (questionnaire delivery and collection)

The questionnaires were distributed on July 18th, 2019, with a submission deadline of September 9th. Some institutes did not submit the questionnaires by the deadline, although they received reminders; finally, questionnaires were submitted by all 52 survey subject sites.

2.2.3. Survey implementation system

This survey was outsourced to Nomura Research Institute, Ltd. by the director of the Cabinet Office for Science, Technology, and Innovation, with some work conducted by the University Network for Innovation and Technology Transfer.

事業実施体制
Chart 3 Project implementation system

3. Visualization” results

3.1. Sites targeted for analysis

Out of 52 sites that responded, 43 were found to be institutes based off-campus (as of the end of 2018) that were developing either facilities or both facilities and equipment. The analysis below targeted these 43 sites.

分析対象拠点

Chart 4 Sites targeted for analysis

3.2. Funding for joint research with private enterprises per project

30 other sites were conducting joint research at a larger scale overall.

1 件あたり民間との共同研究費

Chart 5 Funding for joint research with private enterprises per project (10,000 JPY)

* Site (31) had no data for its institute, so no graph could be prepared. The ‘N’ in parentheses, indicates the number of joint research projects with private enterprises.

*Use responses from each university in MEXT’s “Survey of industry–university collaboration” (FY 2017 results) on “funding for joint research with private enterprises per project for institutes overall” (10,000 JPY).

1 件あたり民間との共同研究費

Chart 6 Funding for joint research with private enterprises per project (10,000 JPY) scatter diagram

* Site (31) had no data for its institute, so no graph could be prepared. The ‘N’ in parentheses indicates the number of joint research projects with private enterprises.

* Use responses from each university in MEXT’s “Survey of industry–university collaboration” (FY 2017 results) on “funding for joint research with private enterprises per project for institutes overall” (10,000 JPY).

3.3. Personnel costs covered by joint and consignment research (per joint and consignment research project)

The amount of personnel costs incurred per joint and consignment research project was large at seven sites.

共同・受託研究より獲得した人件費

Chart 7 Personnel costs for “people listed at the institute” covered by joint and consignment research

* No institutes responded to the survey items for permanent full-time instructors and researchers.

* The two numerical values within parentheses are the respective numbers for joint research and consignment research projects. The value ‘N’ written on P. 7 is the number of joint research projects with private enterprises, and thus it varies.

3.4. Indirect cost ratio

There are only four sites with indirect costs set higher than the on-campus standards.

間接経費比率

Chart 8 Reference values for the indirect cost ratio (%)

*Some values are actual results that reflect the absence of responses for reference values.

3.5. Facility usage revenue

No sites had a high percentage of revenue from facility usage fees per m2 or joint research funding.

施設利用収入

Chart 9 Facility usage revenue per m² (10,000 JPY⁄>m²) and ratio of usage revenue consisting of joint research funding with private enterprises(%)

3.6. Equipment and service usage revenue

At one site, the equipment and service usage fee revenue per m² and percentage consisting of joint research funding were both at a high level.

設備・サービス利用収入
Chart 10 Equipment and service usage revenue per m ² (10,000 JPY ⁄ m²) and ratio of usage revenue consisting of joint research funding from private enterprises (%)

3.7.Summary table of external fundraising functions

Some sites were successful in large-scale joint research with private enterprises and external fundraising by other methods; this is shown in a summary table in Chart 11. In addition, hearings were held at sites that made notable efforts, which are summarized below.

外部資金の獲得機能に関する総括表

Chart 11 Summary table of external fundraising functions at sites

(NOTE) Concept of notation in “Summary table of external fundraising functions”

外部資金の獲得機能に関する総括表

3.8. Examples of sites making notable efforts

3.8.1. Medical Innovation Center (Kyoto University)

特徴的な取組みを行なっている拠点例

3.8.2. Smart Life Support Innovation Center (Waseda University)

特徴的な取組みを行なっている拠点例

3.8.3. Cooperative Research and Development Center for Advanced Materials (Tohoku University)

特徴的な取組みを行なっている拠点例

3.8.4. Innovation Center for Multi-Business of Nitride Semiconductors (Nagoya Institute of Technology)

特徴的な取組みを行なっている拠点例

3.8.5. Innovation Center for Multi-Business of Nitride Semiconductors (Nagoya Institute of Technology)

特徴的な取組みを行なっている拠点例

3.8.6. Innovation Center for Organic Electronics (Yamagata University)

特徴的な取組みを行なっている拠点例

3.9 References

分析対象となった拠点の竣工年

Chart 12 Year of completion of sites targeted for the analysis

学外機関の入居状況

Chart 13 Institutes based off-campus (total floor space base)

民間企業との共同研究の件数

Chart 14 Number of joint research projects with private enterprises

4. Material

The above reports can be obtained as a pdf file

Analysis of external fundraising through industry–university collaboration sites

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